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As employment law constantly changes, the attorneys at Bean, Kinney & Korman stay up to date on the law as it develops. Our blog topics focus on those changes and what you need to know about them, ranging from severance agreements and the FLSA to social media in the workplace and recent court decisions. If you are interested in having us cover a specific topic, please let us know.

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Posts tagged hiring.

Background Check Photo (00297714).jpg

On January 29, the Department of Labor, Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs (“OFCCP”) issued Directive 306, which encourages federal contractors and subcontractors not to ask about criminal convictions on job applications. According to OFCCP, such questions can result in individuals being treated differently because of their race, national origin, sex, or other protected characteristics.

OFCCP issued the directive to address its concern that hiring policies and practices that exclude employees and potential employees with criminal records violate Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (“Title VII”). In support of its statement, OFCCP cites a study which found that one in three adults has a criminal history record. Of those adults, a high percentage were Hispanic and African-American. Based on the study, OFCCP reasons that employers who have a blanket policy of not hiring individuals with criminal convictions will exclude a greater number of Hispanic and African-American individuals resulting in “disparate impact” on these individuals, which would likely be in violation of Title VII. Thus, because of the impact, OFCCP recommends that employers “refrain from asking about convictions on job applications."

Credit Report

Employers choosing to utilize the consumer report or “credit report” as a method of evaluating potential employees face a myriad of legal pitfalls.   Both the Fair Credit Reporting Act and Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 provide guidelines employers should follow to avoid potential legal liability. 

The usage of consumer reports as a pre-employment tool is disfavored.  While the practice itself is legal, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) is of the opinion that the practice of inquiring into the assets, liabilities or credit rating of a potential employee tends to impact more adversely on minorities and females.  The EEOC’s position is that the usage of consumer reports in the pre-employment context is permissible only if the employer can show that such information is essential to the particular job in question.  In other words, the test must be related to the job the employee will perform and must be consistent with a business necessity.